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2019/2020 Seasonal Measures for Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

Due to the rapid expansion of Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) throughout the Northern Hemisphere, The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (DAWR) has strengthened the seasonal measures to manage risk of BMSB from arriving in Australia for the 2019–20 BMSB risk season.

DAWR has also worked closely with the New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries on the 2019-20 measures to ensure both Australia and New Zealand’s BMSB seasonal measures are consistent across the two counties where possible.

For the 2019-20 BMSB risk season, measures will apply to:

  • certain goods manufactured in, or shipped from target risk countries, and/or
  • vessels that berth at, load or transship from target risk countries

from 1 September 2019 and that arrive in Australian territory by 31 May 2020 (inclusive).

Target Risk Countries

The following countries have been categorised as target risk. Any target high risk or target risk goods which are manufactured in, or shipped from these countries will be subject to BMSB seasonal measures:

Countries that have been added from the 2018/19 measures are in bold

United States of America

Czech Republic

France

Canada

Georgia

Russia

Albania

Germany

Serbia

Andorra

Greece

Slovakia

Armenia

Hungary

Slovenia

Austria

Italy

Switzerland

Azerbaijan

Kosovo

Luxembourg

Belgium

Liechtenstein

Romania

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Macedonia

Spain

Bulgaria

Montenegro

Turkey

Croatia     

 

 

Japan (heightened vessel surveillance will be the only measure applied).

Target High Risk Goods

Goods that fall within the following tariff classifications have been categorised as target high risk goods and will require mandatory treatment for BMSB risk.

  • 36 - Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations
  • 44 - Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal
  • 45 - Cork and articles of cork
  • 57 - Carpets and other textile floor coverings
  • 68 - Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials
  • 69 - Ceramic products – including sub chapters I and II
  • 70 – Glass and glass ware
  • 72 - Iron and steel - including sub chapters I, II, III, IV
  • 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 74 - Copper and articles thereof
  • 75 - Nickel and articles thereof
  • 76 - Aluminium and articles thereof
  • 78 - Lead and articles thereof
  • 79 - Zinc and articles thereof
  • 80 - Tin and articles thereof
  • 81 - Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof
  • 82 - Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal
  • 83 - Miscellaneous articles of base metals
  • 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 86 - Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds
  • 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
  • 89 - Ships, boats and floating structures
  • 93 - Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof

Target Risk Goods

Goods that fall within the following tariff classifications have been categorised as target risk goods and will not require mandatory treatment. Target risk goods will however will be subject to increased onshore intervention through random inspection. 

  • 25 - Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement
  • 26 - Ores, slag and ash
  • 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 28 - Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals, of radioactive elements or of isotopes - including sub chapters I, II, III, IV and V
  • 29 - Organic chemicals - including sub chapters I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XII and XIII
  • 31 - Fertilisers
  • 38 - Miscellaneous chemical products
  • 39 - Plastics and articles thereof - – including sub chapters I and II
  • 40 - Rubber and articles thereof
  • 46 - Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basket ware and wickerwork
  • 47 - Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard
  • 48 - Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
  • 49 - Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans
  • 56 - Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns; twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof

Measures relating to goods

  • Certain goods (target high risk and target risk goods) manufactured in, or shipped from the target risk countries as sea cargo will be subject to BMSB intervention.
  • Measures apply to these goods shipped from 1 September 2019 that arrive in Australian territory by 31 May 2020 (inclusive).
  • All other goods are not subject to BMSB intervention – however if they are packed in a container with target high risk or target risk goods that requires BMSB intervention, they will be subject to the measures.
  • Target high risk goods requiring mandatory offshore treatment that arrive untreated or treated by an unapproved treatment provider in a target risk country, will be denied discharge and directed for export on arrival. (refer next section – Break Bulk Goods for details of goods requiring Mandatory Offshore Tretament).
  • All target high risk and target risk goods will be subject to increased onshore intervention through random verification inspections and will be directed for onshore treatment if BMSB is detected.

Break bulk goods

  • Mandatory offshore treatment of target high risk goods shipped as break bulk cargo will be required.
  • Goods shipped on open top containers or on flat rack containers are also considered to be break bulk.
  • Untreated break bulk identified on arrival will be denied discharge and directed for export on arrival, unless exceptional circumstances are applicable.

Treatment Options

The 3 approved treatment options for BMSB treatment are;

  • Heat treatment
  • Methyl bromide fumigation and
  • Sulfuryl fluoride fumigation.

Heat

For all goods types and sizes

  • 56°C or higher at the coldest surface of the goods, for a minimum of 30 minutes
    or
    Alternative option for individual goods weighing less than 3000 kg shipped as break bulk only,
  • 60°C or higher at the coldest surface of the goods, for a minimum of 10 minutes

Note: Individual goods shipped as break bulk weighing less than 3000kg treated at 60°C for 10 minutes require evidence within shipping documentation that they are less than 3000kg for these treatments to be accepted.

Methyl Bromide

  • A dose of 24 g/m³ or above, at 10°C or above, for a minimum of 12 hours (but less than 24 hours), with a minimum end point reading of 12 g/m³ 
    or
  • A dose of 24 g/m³ or above, at 10°C or above, for 24 hours or longer, with a minimum end point reading of 8 g/m³

Note: Dose increases to compensate for temperatures less than 10°C is NOT permitted.

Sulfuryl Fluoride

  • A dose of 24 g/m³ or above, at 10°C or above, for a minimum of 12 hours (but less than 24 hours), with a minimum end point reading of 12 g/m³
    or
  • A dose of 24 g/m³ or above, at 10°C or above, for 24 hours or longer, with a minimum end point reading of 8 g/m³

Note: Dose increases to compensate for temperatures less than 10°C is NOT permitted.

Sulfuryl Fluoride – Using third-party system* 

  • Achieve a CT of 200 g-h/m³ or more, at 10°c or above, for 12 hours or longer, with a minimum end point reading of 12 g/m³
    or
  • Achieve a CT of 200 g-h/m³ or more, at 10°C or above, for 24 hours or longer, with a minimum end point reading of 8 g/m³

*Note: The approved third party systems are:

    • Douglas Products FumiGuide
    • Ensystex II, Inc. Fumicalc

Treatment minimum standards

There are set minimum standards for the application of BMSB treatments. Treatments applied for biosecurity purposes are part of managing the risk of introducing exotic pests and diseases.

It is important that treatment providers understand these requirements as treatments to manage risk are only effective when conducted correctly. These standards outline best practice methodologies for applying biosecurity treatments.

We will publish further information from DAWR as it comes to hand. Please contact your ACA representative if you require further information regarding the upcoming BMSB season.